Historical Background of Panadura Divisional Secretary’s Division.

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Colonel Olcott identified the Panadura Thotamuna situated in Thalpitiya Debbadde of Raigam Karalee in Kalutara District, western province as “Panadura vijaya Bhoomiya”. In Tamil Panadura thotamuna is also called “Panthei Thurei” or “Pashana Dura” Gala dura (means stone at a distance.) .

In the titled “the book of Ceylon, Panadura is most colorful vividly described as follows,
“Panadura is a township with an urban population of approximately 2000. It has similar characteristics of Moratuwa Town. Its rivers estuaries and small islands scattered throughout add Panoramic Beauty and Charm. They are retreats of multitudes of water – fowl and are covered with exquisite vegetation.

The passenger should look out for the beautiful view from the railway bridge crossing the mouth of the river near the station.”

Events associated with famous historical battles are interesting and the first occurred in the twelth  century when Alakeswera a famous General of king Parakrama Bahu Great of Polonnaruwa met the Indian invaders near Panadura and defeated them the second  was the struggle for  supremacy between the Dutch and Portuguese in the seventeenth century. A retinue of three thousand people marched from Kalutara  to Colombo, the dutch had safely crossed the Panadura river. Later about 500 people were surrounded and they were survivor succeeded in reaching Colombo again, but in such a miserable situation nearly half of them succumbed to their injuries.

The most important and famous historical event related to Panadura is the “Panadura Wadaya (Debate)” held in 6th and 28th of August 1873. This debate was held in a private land called Dombagahawatta belongings to Mr. Jeramious Dias in the close proximity to the temple “Rankoth Viharaya” .It could be cited, as an extraordinary event of the strong battle where the people lived freely after three years Christian Missionary rule.

Historical story of Panadura is really interesting and attractive. The place where the golden melon was found by the farmers ploughing in the paddy field is called as Hiranaya or Hirana. The village which supplied oil to conduct Dalada worships (Dalada puda puja) specially to provide the necessary light to the palace during the era of Sri Jayewardenepura was thereafter come to be known as Thelpitiya OR Thalpitiya. The machinary called “sekku” used to produce oil by crushing the kernel of coconut sould be seen at this location even today. The place where the relative of Molligoda Maha Adikaram (Chief Minister – Molligoda) of king Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe resided was, thereafter called “Molligoda”, “Mouli” means crown. The crown is the very exclusive ornament placed on king’s head. Accordingly this village was the birth place of a high clan of people lived and Wedaduwa later came to be known as Wadduwa. Thanthirimulla village got that name as the tax collectors appointed to collect taxes during that period originate from the families of thanthirige, Kaluthanthirige and Gardiyathanthirige.During portugese rule the area was controlled by the commander called “Kurupa” named after him and thereafter it became “Kuruppumulla”. The place where the Raigam Bandara parked his carts at the night, when they were traveling by bullock carts named as “Gonabediduwa”. The place where the people who prepared necklesses for the palace of the Raigam Bandara lived there and from that day awards it became Malamulla. There is another definition for Malamulla that was, as there were residents whose surnames included Malalage, Malalanayaka and Malalasekara. 

It is observed that the history of the Wadduwa town located close to cities like Panadura and Kalutara of western province go beyond up to the era of Kotte. During that period Wadduwa area was administered by the royal people / celebratary from the palace of the Kotte. Our sandesha shahhithya proves that. (Legend)

According to the new administrative low, Wadduwa area is defined.as a place / location lodging to Mungwatte Base Paththuwa of  Raigam  Koralaya of Panadura Thotamuna. Buddhist cultural history of the area referred since 19 A.D. Main Buddhist centre of that era was Wadduwa, Molligoda Degambada Viharaya alias Dawatagaha Viharaya (temple). It was described in the history of that viharaya that Dewananda Ttero lived there and was awarded “Upa Pradhana Sanga Nayaka” position in the year 1853B.C. Generations of teachers of the thero spread upto the period of Walivita , Pindapathika, Asaranasarana Siri Saranankara Sangaraja Thero.


The large area of land called Wadduwa, presently consistings of a large number of villages called thalpitiya, Madavilgoda, Mahawadduwa,Kudawadduwa,Pohaddaramulla, Pothupitiya, Melegama,Mestiya,Mawala. The village called Gonaduwa which was named as such because it was a piece of land surrounded by large paddy fields, flat lands such as kumaraduwa, kawduduwa, Delduwa, Naiduwa and korosduwa, extensive land land area like Moronthuduwa belongs to Wadduwa. This area was famous for the generation of doctors of indigenous medicine who were specialized for dislocation of limits malnutrition, cancers etc.
After the era of king Mahinda the 5th, administration of the country was carried out by the Tamils. Most of the Sinhalese people left Rajarata and seeking protection in Ruhuna and Maya provinces. Panadura is became one of the most prominent place in Maya province which provide protection. Primary /main reason for that was the place which was covered three sides from large reservoirs; Later a large/huge fortress was build armed security zone. The security ferry was built close to the fortress and much historical evidence is available to confirm that there was a palace on the bank of river at Diggala.

 

 htyh  u7i  i8  i7u  i8  iylo  oui
 koui  258  386  35  35  356  356
 yrt  4235    42356  23  23  2356
             

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Historical Background of Panadura Divisional Secretary’s Division.

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